The state is bordered by the Pakistani province of Punjab to its west, Jammu & Kashmir in the north, Himachal Pradesh in the northeast, Haryana in the south and southeast, and Rajasthan in the southwest. Punjab is also known as the ‘Bread Basket of India’ and led to first Green Revolution in the country. By 2025, it is expected that the state will be among the leading producers of non-food grains as well as exporter of various agri-products. At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product of Punjab reached INR 5.18 trillion (USD 71.84 billion) in 2018-19 (A).The state’s GSDP (in INR) increased at a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 9.97 percent between 2011-12 and 2018-19A to INR 5.18 trillion (USD 71.84 billion). The state provides investment opportunities in sectors such as textiles, agro-based industries, IT & ITeS, automotive and auto components, sports goods and light engineering goods. The state has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth USD 1.472 billion during the period April 2000 to June 2018. The state government had set up a Bureau of Investment Promotion (BIP) in December 2013 for one-stop clearance of investment proposals.

Capital: Chandigarh
Geographical Area (sq km): 50, 362
Literacy rate: 76.7 Per cent
State Language: Punjabi, Hindi and English

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