One of the strongest agricultural state, Bihar is located in the eastern part of India. The percentage of population employed in agricultural production in Bihar is around 80 percent, which is much higher than the national average. The state is surrounded by Nepal in the north, West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh in the west & Jharkhand in the south. The state enjoys a unique location specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of eastern and northern India, access to ports such as Kolkata and Haldia and to raw material sources and mineral reserves from the neighbouring states. The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Bihar grew at a CAGR of 11.99 percent between 2011-12 and 2017-18. Bihar's per capita GSDP increased from USD 490.62 in 2011-12 to USD 655.42 in 2017-18 at CAGR of 10.25 percent. Total FDI for Bihar & Jharkhand, between April 2000 and December 2018, stood at USD 113 million. Total merchandise exports from the state stood at USD 1,345.31 million during 2017-18. During April-December 2018, the exports stood at USD 1,243.34 million.

Capital: Patna
Geographical Area (sq km): 94, 163
Literacy rate: 61.8 Per cent
State Language: Hindu, English, Urdu and Bhojpuri

Key Industries :
Content Credit: IBEF
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